The Svalbard Global Seed Vault, or more popularly known as the “Doomsday” Seed Vault, is an underground depot built in the Arctic Svalbard archipelago to secure seed samples collected from countries around the world. It is almost 490 feet down into a plateau mountain, a perfect location that will keep seeds frozen and protected for thousands of years from climate change and cooling problems.
This unique storage facility has the capacity to store over 4.5 million seeds. As of now, they have almost 860,000 seeds, all maintained at -18 degree celsius.
According to www.croptrust.org, “the purpose of the vault is to provide insurance against both incremental and catastrophic loss of crop diversity in traditional seed banks around the world. The Seed Vault offers “fail-safe” protection for one of the most important natural resources on earth.“
The Kingdom of Norway spent almost US$9million for this project and it is now under the administration of Ministry of Agriculture and Food.
Other group that supports and helps the operation of the vault include The Global Crop Diversity Trust, The Nordic Gene Bank, and International Advisory Council.